BEAVER VALLEY QUARRY
near Port Ludlow, Jefferson County, Washington, USA

GEOLOGY
Crescent Formation - Late Paleocene to middle Eocene (62-48 Ma). The Crescent Formation is comprised of a large volume of submarine/subaerial basalt. The Crescent basalts are among the oldest basalts in this region and makeup the basement of the Coastal range. Babcock et al. (1992) concluded that the Crescent Formation basalts erupted into a subsiding rift basin along the western coast approximately 60 mya. Exposure of the Crescent Formation can be found as a continuous swath defining the northern, eastern, and southeastern edge of the Olympic Peninsula. Based on gravity studies, the Crescent Formation is thought to extend eastward beneath the Puget Sound to Seattle. Most of the Crescent Formation, especially on its eastern edge, is covered with Quaternary glacial till deposits.

Multiple basalt flows exposed at this dormant quarry contain vesicles that show a complex history of sub-greenschist facies (zeolite) mineralization. Mineralization is most prevalent directly above contacts between individual flows. This locality is listed in a mineral collecting pamphlet issued by the Washington State Mineral Council. Access may be subject to change.

MINERALS (incomplete list) CLICK for COMPLETE LIST
*Calcite-
CaCO3 - Occurs as fluorescent colorless, white to vibrant yellow crystals in a variety of habits within amygdules.
*Chabazite (Var: Phacolite)-
Occurs as clear multiple-twinned crystals exhibiting a lens-shaped habit to 5 mm.
*Clinochlore-
Fe endmember chlorite - (Fe,Mg)3Fe3(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8 - Some amygdules are lined with fine-grained dark green to black platy masses.
*Copper-
Cu - Occurs as mm-scale specimens including wire forms and individual crystals.
*Heulandite-
(Ca,Na2,K2)Al2Si4O126H2O - Occurs as isolated mm-scale transparent crystals in amygdules.
*Levyne-
(Ca,Na2,K2)Al2Si4O126H2O - Occurs as rare mm-scale milky white hexagonal plates (some with red/orange iron-oxide inclusions, pers. comm., John Cornish).
*Quartz-
SiO2 - Occurs as druses and microcrystalline dark green jasper. Some quartz druse clusters occur as spheres, some of which are aesthetically perched on clinochlore.
*Stilbite-
NaCa2Al5Si13O36 . 16H2O - Small colorless crystals line some amygdules.

* photographed
 
CALCITE

 
CALCITE

 
CALCITE on CLINOCHLORE
 
CALCITE on CLINOCHLORE

 
CHABAZITE (Var: Phacolite)
 
COPPER wire on CLINOCHLORE

 
COPPER wire on CLINOCHLORE
 
COPPER wire
 
HEULANDITE
 
LEVYNE

 
Drusy QUARTZ
spheres on ropy

CLINOCHLORE
 
Drusy QUARTZ,
light green
JASPER
 
STILBITE,
vesicle filling in basalt



UNIDENTIFIED MINERALS
CONTACT me if you can help me identify these minerals

 
Unidentified #1



REFERENCES

Babcock R. S., Burmester R. F., Engebretson, D. C., Warnock A., Clark K. P. (1992) A rifted origin for the Crescent basalts and related rocks in the northern Coast Range volcanic province, Washington and British Columbia. Journal of Geophysical Research, B, Solid Earth and Planets 97;5, 6799-6821.